Traineeship (getting the candidate of science degree) lasts three years and more.
In Ukraine, the variety of specialties for the post-graduate studies for foreign students is very wide – physical and mathematical, engineering, economic and medical sciences.
Upon completion of the course the applicant publically defends the scientific dissertation. With a successful defense of the dissertation he is awarded the degree of Candidate of Sciences. This qualification corresponds to the internationally accepted qualification “Doctor of Philosophy” (PhD).
Clinical residency is a specialized medical training, advanced training of doctors on a particular clinical specialty.
Admission and training at the clinical residency for foreign students is carried out on the basis of the diploma of Doctor of Medicine and lasts 2 or 4 years, at the option of the clinical resident. For the entire period of training the resident has a scientific adviser among highly qualified specialists (PhD or PhD, professor) under the individual plan.